Activates a standby master host and makes it the active master for the HAWQ system.
Note: If HAWQ was installed using Ambari, do not use
hawq activate to activate a standby master host. The system catalogs could become unsynchronized if you mix Ambari and command line functions. For Ambari-managed HAWQ clusters, always use the Ambari administration interface to activate a standby master. For more information, see Managing HAWQ Using Ambari.
hawq activate standby [-M (smart|fast|immediate) | --mode (smart|fast|immediate)] [-l <logfile_directory> | --logdir <logfile_directory>] [(-v | --verbose) | (-q | --quiet)] [--ignore-bad-hosts] hawq activate [-h | --help]
If the primary master fails, the log replication process is shut down, and the standby master can be activated in its place. The
hawq activate standby utility activates a backup, standby master host and brings it into operation as the active master instance for a HAWQ system. The activated standby master effectively becomes the HAWQ master, accepting client connections on the master port.
When you initialize a standby master, the default is to use the same port as the active master. For information about the master port for the standby master, see hawq init.
You must run this utility from the master host you are activating, not the failed master host you are disabling. Running this utility assumes you have a standby master host configured for the system .
The utility will perform the following steps:
- Stops the synchronization process (
walreceiver) on the standby master
- Updates the system catalog tables of the standby master using the logs
- Activates the standby master to be the new active master for the system
- Restarts the HAWQ system with the new master host
In order to use
hawq activate standby to activate a new primary master host, the master host that was previously serving as the primary master cannot be running. The utility checks for a
postmaster.pid file in the data directory of the disabled master host, and if it finds it there, it will assume the old master host is still active. In some cases, you may need to remove the
postmaster.pid file from the disabled master host data directory before running
hawq activate standby (for example, if the disabled master host process was terminated unexpectedly).
After activating a standby master, run
ANALYZE to update the database query statistics. For example:
$ psql <dbname> -c 'ANALYZE;'
After you activate the standby master as the primary master, the HAWQ system no longer has a standby master configured. You might want to specify another host to be the new standby with the hawq init utility.
Smart shutdown is the default. Shutdown fails with a warning message, if active connections are found.
Fast shut down interrupts and rolls back any transactions currently in progress.
Immediate shutdown aborts transactions in progress and kills all
postgres processes without allowing the database server to complete transaction processing or clean up any temporary or in-process work files. Because of this, immediate shutdown is not recommended. In some instances, it can cause database corruption that requires manual recovery.
If you have enabled HAWQ Ranger Authentication in high availability mode in your cluster, you must perform an additional configuration procedure after activating a HAWQ standby master node. Refer to Failover to HAWQ Standby Master in the HAWQ Ranger documentation for additional information.
Activate the standby master host and make it the active master instance for a HAWQ system (run from backup master host you are activating):
$ hawq activate standby